Science, Technology & Society at Bar-Ilan University

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The Scientific Revolution from Copernicus to Newton in its Cultural context (27886) | Dr. Raz Chen

The course examines the significance of the Scientific Revolution in order to re-define it as part of the general ambience of the high culture of 16th and 17th centuries. The course concentrates on three main components of the new philosophy of nature: the mathematization of the physical world, the practices of observation, and the places of the passions in shaping the new scientific persona. Along the readings in the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, and Newton, the course deals with other less famous scientists and philosophers in the context of the visual arts (from Mannerism to Baroque) and the literature of the age: Shakespeare, Montaigne, Cervantes, Milton). Special attention is given to anatomy and medicine as a privileged model of investigation in the early phases of the scientific revolution, and the manner in which the new science was integrated into the commercial and colonial interests of the period.